If we look back at history, the figure of the woman was and has always been relegated to the domestic hearth. A good wife, a good mother, a perfect housewife: this is what women were asking and still asking today.
Over the centuries they have been kept away from making important decisions, even more so, kept away from holding important roles in the community. For example, education, reserved mainly for men, was a luxury for a few, and in certain parts of the world it still is.
However, female power is far from being crystallized and nullified by man. More and more women are aware of the decisive role not only in their own family, but in society as a whole.
History reminds us of illustrious examples of women who vigorously and persistently opposed secondary roles. Many stories are important reminders capable of positively influencing the new generations.
Let ‘s find out who are the 10 women who have made and changed history:
1) Joan of Arc
The heroine par excellence. Little more than a child, at the age of 13, Joan of Arc convinced Prince Charles of Valois that she was chosen by God to lead the French army to victory . In fact, in the early 1400s there was a war between France and England, nicknamed the Hundred Years War . At the time, Giovanna led the French army to victory, but she was accused of witchcraft at 19 . For this reason she was sentenced to death and burned at the stake. Only in 1920 she was proclaimed a saint becoming the patroness of France.
2) Marie Curie
To date, thinking that women could not access the university seems inconceivable, but in the early 1900s only men could enjoy such education. The brilliant Marie Curie faces many difficulties to be admitted to the Sorbonne in Paris. In 1906 she managed to be the first woman admitted to teaching at the Parisian University. In 1909 she reached another great milestone: the Nobel Prize in physics . In fact, Marie Curie, together with her husband Pier Curie, won for the important discoveries on radiation. Later, in 1911, she discovered radium and polonium for which she won the Nobel Prize in chemistry .
3) Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart was the first female pilot in history. She crossed both the Atlantic and the Pacific alone, and she was the first ever to do so. In 1937 you try to fly across the world. This adventure was never completed by Amelia because her plane disappeared into the sea, and there is no longer any trace of it. Her courage inspired the founding of an all-female pilot organization called The Ninety Nines .
4) Anne Frank
Anne Frank was little more than a child when she learned about the atrocities of the Nazi world . For two years with her family she was forced to live in hiding because she was Jewish. About her Her story is told in her diary about her, in which the little girl tells of the forced cohabitation with seven other people in the Secret Lodging . Her hiding place was discovered, and she Anne she was deported along with her family to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where she died a few years later. Thanks to her stories, we were able to grasp the sufferings of an entire people seen through the eyes of a child.
5) Ella Fitzgerald
Ella Fitzgerald or rather, The Queen of Jazz was one of the most influential and important female figures of the last century. She managed to achieve success despite her having faced numerous difficulties during her life. As a child she spent a lot of time in an orphanage and as an adult she fell ill with diabetes . Due to this disease she went blind and both legs were amputated . Despite her various vicissitudes, Ella became the mistress of American jazz. His voice and her words are still able to move and make the new generations reflect.
6) Coco Chanel
Maybe without Coco we wouldn’t have fashion or as we know it today. Nonconformist par excellence, I started selling hats designed and produced by her, totally different from the fashion of the time. Coco Chanel also knew suffering and abandonment from an early age. In fact, like Ella Fitzgerald, she spent her childhood in an orphanage , but this was also her luck. In fact, she just gets them her first sewing lessons . With time and a lot of tenacity, Chanel became the queen of fashion , forever revolutionizing the concept of elegance and style.
7) Mother Teresa of Calcutta
Mother Teresa was the founder of the Missionaries of Charity . As a missionary in India , together with her sisters, she helps numerous people affected by leprosy, the HIV virus and tuberculosis. In addition to all this, Mother Teresa dedicates her efforts to the construction of orphanages, mobile hospitals and canteens. In 1979 the missionary won the Nobel Peace Prize , and in 2003 she and she were beatified . After her death in 1997, her role in helping those in need remains unforgettable.
8) Malala Yousafzai
This is the story of a young girl who fights for Pakistani women ‘s right to education . Malala, after being wounded in the head by a bullet, continues to fight against an edict issued by the Taliban. In 2012 Malala Yousafzai, on her way home from school, was brutally attacked and managed to survive only after long treatments received in England. She was only 17 years old and she was the youngest person to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize , thanks to her commitment to guarantee the right to education for every child in the world.
9) Wangari Maathai
Wangari Maathai is the first Central African woman to graduate in 1966. Attentive to the environment, she founded the Green Belt Movement to raise awareness of environmental protection. Thanks to her , 51 million trees have been planted in Kenya, her country of origin . In 2004 she and she were the first African woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize for her commitment to developing democracy.
10) Germaine Greer
Australian writer and journalist , with the publication in 1970 of her book “The female eunuch” , she was considered one of the most representative voices of the feminist movement . The author still fights to define the rights and determination of women to assert themselves in society.