Lying is not neutral and has fatal consequences for interpersonal relationships. The expert opinion based on science, not belief without foundation.
J.J. Newberry was a trained agent of the FBI, an expert in the art of deception detection. So when a witness to a shooting in front of him sat down and tried to tell her that when she heard shots look, I just started running, I knew she was lying.
Tip 1: Inconsistency and Incoherence
“When you want to know if someone is lying, look for inconsistencies in what they are saying,” said Newberry, who was a federal agent for 30 years and a police officer for five years.
When the woman who was questioning said she ran and hid after hearing gunshots, without looking, Newberry saw the inconsistency immediately.
“There was something that did not fit,” says Newberry. “She heard the shots but look? I knew it was incompatible with the way a person responds to a situation like that.”
So when she was not paying attention, hit the table very strong. She looked straight at him.
“When a person hears a noise, is a natural reaction to look toward the noise,” Newberry says. “I knew she heard gunshots, looked in the direction from which they came, he saw that shot, and then ran.”
Indeed, he was right.
“Her story was illogical,” says Newberry. “And that’s what you should look for when talking to someone who is not telling the truth.” There are contradictions that simply do not fit?
Tip 2: Unexpected Question
“About 4% of the successful people are liars and can do very well,” says Newberry. “But because there are no answers from Pinocchio for a lie, you have to grab a lie.?
Sir Walter Scott said it best: “Oh, what a complicated web we weave, when first starting to practice deception!” But how can you capture a person in his own web of lies?
“Look closely,” says Newberry. “And then, when they are not waiting for something that questions are not prepared to respond.”
Tip 3: evaluate the behavior on a line
“One of the most important indicators of dishonesty is changes in behavior,” says Maureen O’Sullivan, PhD, professor of psychology at the University of San Francisco. “We must pay attention to someone who is generally anxious, but now looks calm. Or, someone who is generally calm but now looks anxious.”
The trick, explains O’Sullivan, is to evaluate its performance against a baseline. Does a person’s behavior away from the way you normally act? If so, could mean that something is happening.
Tip 4: Look for insincere Emotions
“Most people can not distort a smile,” says O’Sullivan. “The fake smile does not fall within the context or time, will be held for too long, or mixed with other things. It may be a combination of an angry face with a smile, you can tell because their lips are smaller and less complete than in a sincere smile. ”
These fake emotions are a good indicator that something has gone wrong.
Tip 5: Pay attention to the reactions Stomach
“People say, ‘Oh, it was a gut feeling or intuition of the woman,” but what we really believe is that the body perceives the deviations of true emotions, “says O’Sullivan.
While the average person may not know what they are watching when you think someone is not being honest and attribute his suspicion to instinct, a scientist would be able to determine exactly – which leads us to the point 6.